A Buddhabrot is the visual representation of the probability density distribution that a point in the Gauss plane belongs to a divergent sequence initiated by a number that does not belong to the Mandelbrot set.

Similarly, an anti-Buddhabrot is the probability density distribution that a complex number does belong to a sequence generated from an element of the Mandelbrot set.

*An example of a Buddhabrot, on top, and of an anti-Buddhabrot, below, both obtained at once using 2000 iterations*

The Python code used is reported below.

```
# Computing, showing and saving raw data for Buddhabrot and anti-BBrot
# Dino Accoto 8/10 Oct 2021
# Credits: my starting point was the code published by prof. Susan Stepney,
# (retrieved on 8 Oct 2021) available here:
# http://susan-stepney.blogspot.com/2020/05/the-buddhabrot.html
# It needed some minor modifications
#to make it run on my Anaconda/Windows distribution.
# I added some image and file management functions to enable post-processing.
# With the following settings: Image_Size = 2048, Iterations = 2000,
# how_many_more = 20, the computation time on a PC with
# Intel Core i7-1065G7 CPU @ 1.30GHz - 1.50GHz, 16 Gb RAM
# is about 6 hours and 10 min.
# The code has been also tested on an Android smartphone with Pydroid 3.
import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from datetime import datetime # to create unique file names using timestamp
Image_Size = 2048 # Image Width and heigth (2048)
Iterations = 2000 # at least 500
resolution = 600 # image DPI (at least 300)
# The number of seed points is equal to the number
# of pixels (i.e. Image_Size**2) times 'how_many_more':
how_many_more = 20 # at least 10
def mandelbrot(c):
exp=2 # can play with exponent to get other shapes
z = c
sequence = [c]
for i in range(1, Iterations):
z = z ** exp + c
sequence += [z]
if abs(z) > 2: # the sequence escaped: can stop and record for Bud
return sequence, []
return [], sequence # sequence did not escape: recorded for ABud
def updateimage(img, seq):
for z in seq:
x, y = z.real, z.imag
ix, iy = int((x+2)/4*Image_Size), int((2-y)/4*Image_Size)
# Increment only if (ix,iy) is inside the image:
if (ix >= 0) and (ix < Image_Size) and (iy >= 0) and (iy < Image_Size):
img[ix,iy] += 1
def file_name(start_string):
filename = str(start_string)+'S'+str(Image_Size)+'I'+str(Iterations)+'R'+str(resolution)+'-'+str(datetime.now())
filename = filename.replace(':','-')
filename = filename.replace(' ','-')
filename = filename.replace('.','-')
return filename
def show_save(theimage,start_str): #show and save image
plt.axis('off')
plt.imshow(theimage, cmap='bone') #gist_earth cubehelix ocean plasma
plt.savefig(file_name(start_str), bbox_inches="tight", dpi=resolution)
plt.show()
################### Main Program ###########################
# Initialize the two images with 1s, so we can use log later, if needed
buddha = np.ones([Image_Size,Image_Size])
abuddha = np.ones([Image_Size,Image_Size])
for i in range(Image_Size*Image_Size*how_many_more):
# Option 1: seeds randomly picked in
# the 4x4 rectangle:
z = complex(np.random.uniform()*4-2, np.random.uniform()*4-2)
# Option 2: seeds randomly picked in a R=2 circle using polar coords
# (!but this option picks more seeds from near (0,0)):
# rho = np.random.uniform()*2
# theta = np.random.uniform()*2*np.pi
# z = complex(rho*np.cos(theta), rho*np.sin(theta))
# Option 3 to be used with Option 1: of all the seeds, just those in the
# R=2 circle are used. This highlights a circle around Bud/aBud:
# if (np.abs(z)<2):
traj, traja = mandelbrot(z)
updateimage(buddha,traj)
updateimage(abuddha,traja)
# Now the image has been created. Let's save it as a .npy binary file
# before further processing. This allows to experiment different cmaps
# and figure enhancing features.
# ==> To load the matrix from file: matr = np.load(file-name.pny)
np.save(file_name('B'),buddha)
np.save(file_name('A'),abuddha)
# Now some visual adjustments:
buddha = np.square(np.log(buddha))
abuddha = np.log(abuddha)
# Finally, let's show on screen and save on file as .png:
show_save(buddha,'B-')
show_save(abuddha,'a-')
```

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